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☭Gegen deutschen Arbeitswahn und Antisemitismus☭

Schon etwas älter, aber immer noch hochaktuell, ist dieser Text aus dem Conne Island Newsletter, der das Buch “Freiheit und Wahn deutscher Arbeit” von Andrea Woeldike und Holger Schatz vorstellt (sehr erhellend in diesem Zusammenhang, ist auch das vom “Arbeitskreis Kritik des deutschen Antisemitismus” herausgegebene Buch “Antisemitismus-die deutsche Normalität“.)

Arbeitswahn

Ein Ritt durch die Geschichte des deutschen Arbeitsbegriffes: „Freiheit und Wahn deutscher Arbeit – Zur historischen Aktualität einer folgenreichen antisemitischen Projektion“

„Die bisher nicht beantwortete Frage lautet: Wie kann die von Marx begonnene Kritik der politischen Ökonomie mit der von Goldhagen gelieferten Empirie synthetisiert werden, ohne daß die Kritische Theorie der Empirie in den Rücken fällt?“(1)

Diese von Matthias Küntzel formulierte Frage war es, die als eine entscheidende (unter weiteren anderen) nach der Antisemitismusdebatte innerhalb der radikalen Linken unbeantwortet offenblieb, an deren Beantwortung allerdings gerade für eine Linke in Deutschland kein Weg vorbeigehen darf.
Die Diskussion, aus der heraus diese Frage entstand, war ausgelöst durch die Veröffentlichung des Buches „Hitlers willige Vollstrecker – Ganz gewöhnliche Deutsche und der Holocaust“ von Daniel Jonah Goldhagen.
In diesem Buch ging es Goldhagen bekanntlich darum, die „Behauptung, die Deutschen hätten mehrheitlich das nationale Projekt der Verfolgung und Ausrottung der Juden >>teilnahmlos<>dinglich<nationalen, deutschen Arbeitdeutschernationaler ArbeitGemeinschaft der fröhlich SchaffendenGemeinschaft der fröhlich Schaffendenhöheren Ganzenjüdischer Nicht-Arbeitdeutscher Arbeit>Keineswegs ein spezifisch deutsches Problem <<? Goldhagen und das Defizit der Kritischen Theorie, S. 157, in: Die Fratze der eigenen Geschichte, Markovits, Andrei S.; Elsässer, Jürgen (Hrsg.), Berlin, 1999
(2) Daniel Jonah Goldhagen: Hitlers willige Vollstrecker – Ganz gewöhnliche Deutsche und der Holocaust, S. 513, Berlin, 1996
(3)
ebd. S. 474
(4)
Der Aufsatz von Postone ist in verschiedenen Sammelbänden zum Thema Antisemitismus veröffentlicht worden und liegt auch im Internet unter www.punkerfrank.de oder www.netzmuetze.de vor.
(5) ebd.
(6) ebd.
(7) Ebd.
(8) ebd.
(9) Scheit, Gerhard: Verborgener Staat, Lebendiges Geld, S. 49, Freiburg,1999
(10) Detlev Claussen, hier zitiert nach: Scheit, Gerhard, S.50)
(11) Die Angaben in Klammer bezeichnen die Seitenangaben des Buches von Andrea Woeldike und Holger Schatz

★Riot, don´t diet!★

I Am a Woman Now« fünf alternde Frauen, die sich bei einem legendären Arzt in Casablanca einer Geschlechtsanpassung unterzogen haben

War es die richtige Entscheidung, wie ging das Leben nach der Operation weiter? Der Dokumentarfilmer Michiel van Erp porträtiert in »I Am a Woman Now« fünf alternde Frauen, die sich bei einem legendären Arzt in Casablanca einer Geschlechtsanpassung unterzogen haben.
VON TIM STÜTTGEN
Via

Der Dokumentarfilm hat das Thema Transgender längst entdeckt und verhilft Transmenschen zu einer Repräsentation in der Gesellschaft. Der niederländische Filmemacher Michiel von Erp, der sich in der Dokumentarfilmreihe »Lang Leve … « (Long Live …) mit den alltäglichen Wünschen und Ängsten seiner Mitbürger beschäftigt und dafür nationale und internationale Auszeichnungen erhalten hat, konzentriert sich in seinem Dokumentarfilm »I Am a Woman Now« auf die Pionierinnen der Transgender-Geschichte. Anstatt die bunte Welt von queeren Szene-Figuren zu zeigen, interessiert er sich für ältere Transfrauen, die ihren Weg zur Geschlechts­anpassung noch ohne die Unterstützung einer Community gehen mussten und an ihrem Lebensabend auf die eigene Geschichte zurückblicken.

Steuern gelassen dem Hafen des Alters entgegen: Transgender-Personen der ersten Generation (Foto: Neue Visionen Filmverleih)
Auch wenn der Wechsel von einem zum anderen Geschlecht auch heute noch sehr viel Mut erfordert, bedeutete dieser Schritt in den fünfziger, sechziger und siebziger Jahren ein ungleich größeres Wagnis. Die fünf Protagonistinnen des Filmes teilen nicht nur die Erfahrung, zu den ersten zu gehören, die diesen steinigen Weg gegangen sind, sie sind auch alle Patientinnen des inzwischen verstorbenen legendären französischen Arztes Georges Burou, der seit den fünfziger Jahren in Casablanca Geschlechtsumwandelungen vorgenommen hat, ohne seine Kundschaft demütigenden psychiatrischen Untersuchungen zu unterziehen.

Einfühlsam erkundet der Film, wie die transition das Leben der fünf Personen verändert hat, und zeigt sowohl Ähnlichkeiten wie auch Unterschiede zwischen den verschiedenen Biographien. Die inzwischen verstorbene Colette Behrend aus den Niederlanden machte nach ihrer Operation eine Karriere als Travestiekünstlerin in Europa und Nordafrika, bevor sie einen eigenen Beauty-Salon öffnete. Die Transfrau, die wir im Film dabei beobachten können, wie sie einer Kundin in ihrem Salon die Nägel manikürt, strahlt Zufriedenheit aus und scheint als Frau in ihrem Alltag angekommen zu sein.

April Ashley und Marie-Pierre Pruvot scheinen so ganz dem Klischee der Transfrau zu entsprechen, die nach ihrer Operation als Performerin im Varieté und als Fotomodell die Welt des Glamour erobert. Schwärmerisch sprechen sie von ihrer Zeit als Showgirls im Pariser Nachtleben und sind stolz darauf, dass sie Abend für Abend die Blicke der Männer auf sich zogen. Insbesondere April Ashley strahlt ein hohes Selbstwertgefühl aus, das sie auch im hohen Alter nicht verlassen hat. Als Sexarbeiterin habe sie Aristokraten verführt, als Model war sie in der Vogue. Doch das Outing durch eine britische Zeitung zerstörte ihre Karriere. Zwar erwähnt sie auch mehrere Selbstmordversuche, doch ihre Aura und Eleganz überstrahlen die negativen Aspekte ihrer Biographie. Als sie einen schwulen Freund besucht, schwärmt er von ihrer damaligen Schönheit, während die beiden bei strahlend blauem Himmel einen Ausflug auf einem Motorboot unternehmen. Stärker noch als alle anderen Figuren scheint April sich sicher zu sein, dass sie nichts im Leben zu bereuen hat. »Sehr viele Leute«, erzählt sie, »sagen am Ende des Lebens so was wie: Hätte ich nur … Das ist bei mir nicht der Fall. Ganz und gar nicht.« Im Jahre 2012 wurde sie in England für ihre Verdienste für die Gleichberechtigung von Transgender-Personen ausgezeichnet.

Die Geschichte von Jean Lessenich aus Remagen zeigt hingegen, wie verschlungen die Wege von Transgender-Personen sein können. Nicht jede Transperson erlebt den Wechsel von einem Geschlecht zum anderen als linearen Prozess. So berichtet Jean davon, wie unsicher sie in Hinblick auf ihre Identität auch heute noch sei. Der Liebe wegen lebte sie eine Zeitlang wieder als Mann: Zwölf Jahre nach ihrer Geschlechtsumwandlung performte Jean die maskuline Rolle, um ihre japanische Lebenspartnerin heiraten zu können und ihr den Aufenthalt in Deutschland zu ermöglichen. Nach dem Tod der Partnerin bewegt sich Jean jedoch wieder als Frau durch die Welt. Ihre Geschichte erinnert daran, dass es das Ideal der perfekten transition nicht für jede Transperson gleichermaßen gibt. Hingegen erlebt sie Gender als fortwährend sich aktualisierenden, instabilen Prozess: »Ich hatte natürlich die Phantasie, dass man durch die Operation zu einer richtigen Frau wird. Aber das, was ich erwartet habe, ist nicht sofort eingetreten. Das ist erst Wochen später eingetreten.« Jeans Geschichte zeugt auch von dem spannungsreichen Verhältnis von Feministinnen zur ersten Transgender-Generation. An Stelle von Solidarität habe sie oft »radikale Ablehnung« erlebt.

Wenn man die Erfahrungen der fünf Protagonistinnen mit denen der jüngeren Transgender-Generation vergleicht, fällt schmerzlich auf, wie viel Einsamkeit eine Transperson damals ertragen musste. Es gab keine queere Szene, keine Beratungsstellen, keine zugänglichen Informationen, kein Internet und keine Vernetzung, so dass die Frauen gezwungen waren, mit allem selbst klarzukommen. Auch nach der OP hörte das Versteckspiel nicht auf, die Frauen verschwiegen auch guten Freunden und Freundinnen und selbst dem Partner oder der Partnerin ihre Vergangenheit als Cisgender-Männer. Die Belgierin Corinne von Tongerloo erzählt, dass sie immer sehr lange gewartet habe, bis sie sich ihrem Liebhaber offenbart habe. Sie wollte ganz sicher sein, dass sich der Mann in sie verliebt hatte, erst dann habe sie sich geoutet. Trotzdem habe sie es oft erlebt, dass ihre Partner sich von ihr ab- und einer anderen Frau zuwandten. In einer Szene findet Corinnes Outing gar vor laufender Kamera statt: Bewegend ist es, wie Corinne im hohen Alter ihrer besten Freundin das erste Mal von ihrer Trans-Identität erzählt. Die Freundin reagiert nicht mit transphober Abneigung, ist aber sichtlich schockiert. Hier wird deutlich, wie sehr Zweigeschlechtlichkeit immer noch als Norm gilt.

Doch die Szene wirft auch die Frage auf, wo die Grenzen eines Dokumentarfilms liegen – wäre es nicht angemessener, die Kamera in solch einer intimen Situation auszuschalten? Insgesamt bleibt der Umgang des Regisseurs jedoch respektvoll. Sicherlich gibt es visuell aufregendere und virtuosere Filme über Drag- und Trans-Identitäten als diesen. Aber die Empathie, die der Film den alternden Ladies entgegenbringt, und die Geduld, mit der er ihre Lebenswege rekonstruiert, entschädigen einen dafür.

Filmstart: 12.April

Iran: Dress Like A Woman

Eine neue Kampagne aus dem Iran: Act Like a Man, dress Like a Woman.
Von Thomas von der Osten-Sacken

Der Hintegrund:

A man dressed in a red dress with a veil on his head was paraded by security forces through the streets of Marivan in the Kurdistan province of Iran on Monday, April 15, 2012. A local court decided this would be the punishment for three men, reportedly found guilty in domestic disputes. The exact circumstances are unclear, but the mere idea of this punishment has angered many.

Women in Marivan held a protest against the sentence on Tuesday, saying it is more humiliating to women than it is to the convicted men. According to one human rights activist, security forces physically attacked protesters [fa]. A video shows women marching through the streets.

Die Reaktion:

Online, several Iranian men have photographed themselves dressed as women as part of a Facebook campaign to say, “Being a woman is not an instrument to punish or humiliate anybody.”

“IS SKATEBOARDING READY TO OPENLY EMBRACE A TRANSGENDER SKATER?”

Is skateboarding ready to embrace an open member of the LGBT community?
watch the video here via

A few years ago I would have answered the following question with a definite no. Shit, even finding a home for this story would have proved difficult, if not impossible. For something as open minded and progressive as skateboarding it surprises people that this subject still remains taboo in so much of it.

More recently, however, as LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) topics have come up on trips, in hotels, in vans – there’s a discussion, rather than a few awkward exchanges until someone changes the subject. These days, I hear more and more as people talk about a lesbian aunt, gay neighbor or transgendered friend. Which begs the question, “Does anyone really care?” And if they don’t, I think it’s time to be vocal about it and ask the opening question again. Is the skate community ready to openly embrace someone from the LGBT community?

I think so. I think it’s just waiting for someone to step up to the plate.

Welcome Hillary Thompson.


It was pouring when I pulled up to the strip mall to meet Hillary for lunch. We had talked for about year on Facebook. A few messages back and forth about things and a handful of, “shoulds,” until one day I put a date out there. She obliged and well, there we were. Meeting.

Hillary was born September 10th in Raleigh, NC, the middle child of 3. Raleigh if you haven’t been, is a mid-sized liberal city located in a southern conservative state. It was there where two life-changing things happened when she was around 4 or 5 years old.

First, she started skating. Her first board was a single kicktail with big plastic wheels and it was love at first sight. The cool kids at the end of the block were doing it, only they had wide boards, 80’s style and they could do ollie’s and kickflips. Naturally, she wanted to be cool too. “They were like, 13-14, which was old compared to me so they would go off and do cool teen stuff and I would kinda just skate around the block. But I wanted to be like them,” Hillary says, describing her eagerness to skate. Her younger brother started to skate with her shortly after.

The second big event happened around the same time and this is where society’s imposed ideas of sex, gender and sexuality started to cause some issues for Hillary. Although society defines gender by one’s anatomy at birth, some people physically born boys or girls, don’t always feel like them. “I was naive then and I just assumed, well, yeah, of course I’m just gonna grow up and be a woman, that’s how it works. That’s who I am.”

Hillary’s assigned male gender at birth was in conflict with her gender identity. This resulted in gender dysphoria, or persistent anxiety to someone who feels there’s an internal mismatch between their assigned gender and their internal gender identity.

“I started to get really distressed about it. I didn’t want to tell anyone because I knew that… there is a stigma attached to being gender non-conforming. I knew the consequences of exhibiting feminine behavior as a male could be dire.”

So she did what many people in her position have done, she hid it away. Crying herself to sleep many nights, she prayed that finally one morning she’d just wake up a new person. She hoped she’d wake up the woman she’d always dreamed she would be.

The running away temporarily worked for a few years, until she was about 18 and realized that she was having trouble escaping everything. Depressed, she was skipping school and starting to shut down, and her parents couldn’t figure out why. She stopped everything else but skating at this point and had isolated herself from her friends. Her parents sent her to a psychiatrist and she eventually confided in him her secret. It was finally out… sort of.

Instead of helping with the actual problem, the psychiatrist just told her she was depressed, gave her a prescription for some pills and sent her on her way. Obviously, she was depressed but knew that medicine wasn’t the answer. So she turned to the next best option: the internet.

“It’s great that I was able to look online. Older people I’ve known haven’t had the resource and I just know that’s been such a huge thing for me. I basically looked up, ‘How do I transition?’ At this point I knew it was possible, so I found a way to order hormones off the Internet from Canada,” which was the beginning of the end for her secret.

Hillary’s mother intercepted the package suspecting it might be drugs or maybe even hormones. This was the moment she’d feared her entire life. “I figured if I were to tell them or if they were to find out, I might not ever talk to them again, it might be the end of our relationship completely.” Her fears of being disowned slowly subsided as they sat down to talk. While they might have been shocked and confused or upset, they weren’t going to disown her. “It was a struggle for them and still is at times, but they have still been accepting and they really try, it’s unconditional love.”

“There’s a process friends and family have to go through…it varies from person to person. You have to be prepared with people needing time to deal with that kind of change.” Although it was not always an easy process with many rough patches her parents were mostly supportive.

Although the entire process has obviously been very difficult, Hillary spoke of it modestly and was very conscious of not over-dramatizing the coming out process. She asked me not to paint her as a martyr and it was shocking to hear how humbly she’d speak of transitioning. Hillary and her story is possibly one of the greater things to happen in skateboarding in a long, long time, and here she hasn’t a clue how special she really is.

The first breakthrough with her parents happened when her mom saw Hillary was still suffering and helped her find a therapist specializing in gender and gender issues. It was there she was able to finally speak freely with someone about it and knew they wouldn’t just want to, “fix her.” Thus began the transitioning process to become the woman she always wanted to be.

In addition, she decided to move to Atlanta for a fresh start. At the time she was making decent money playing poker online, so she got a nice apartment in Buckhead and started her new life. “I felt comfortable enough being in a new place to just, start presenting myself as myself, as female. I started hormones there and it was rough because I had not been socialized that way [as a woman], but, I wouldn’t have felt as comfortable doing that where I grew up.” She started leaving the house as Hillary, dressing the way she wanted to, acting the way she wanted to.

Many times, when people transition they feel the need to shed previous gender habits. Some people do it for survival and some out of societal pressures but Hillary’s desire to skate helped her ignore all of this and she picked up her board again. Alone, she would skate a flatbar in a tennis court or a skatepark nearby. “I didn’t go out and skate much with people because I didn’t know anyone and I was still scared to meet people as Hillary. I was definitely had anxiety to get back into skateboarding. I didn’t think that people would accept it.”

After a year or so in Atlanta, things had changed. Exchanging money with online poker dealers became illegal in America. So while you could still play, there were no longer legal ways to gamble, and to make money. She’d also grown as Hillary over the past year. “I was skating some but, I don’t know, maybe I felt like I had just become comfortable enough with myself to move back and face up to everything I had been so afraid of. You know? I’m still dealing with it, but, I think I’ve overcome something big.”

So she left Atlanta and headed back home to face up to her parents, her old friends and old fears.

Moving back, there were not only some social issues but there are a slew of legal issues that she, as a transgendered person had to deal with.

In many states, including North Carolina, you cannot change your gender without having gender re-assignment surgery. “In North Carolina, to legally change your gender on documents such as a driver’s license or a birth certificate, you must first undergo genital reassignment surgery which can cost tens of thousands of dollars and is not always desired by the transitioning individual,” Hillary explained, annoyed.

So why is this a big deal?

Well, simply put, it’s hard to make a full transition when you can’t legally change your name and gender. It also puts a lot of stress on people who are transitioning to get reassignment surgery, which is not just a small reversible decision. “Anytime I have to present an ID at the store or at school, I have to expose myself and it puts me in a shitty position.” As a result Hillary could be mistreated or discriminated against if someone were trans-phobic. “So if you do not want to undergo genital surgery, you are stuck with identification documents that don’t match your appearance and can face discrimination or be put into dangerous situations because of them,” Hillary explained.

Furthermore, no matter where you live, you must abide by the laws of your birth state. If your born in North Carolina, for example, you can’t simply move to California and follow their possibly more liberal laws. Your birth certificate will always be from that state and follow those rules so unfortunately for Hillary, there’s nothing she can do except hope one day North Carolina will let her legally live the life she’s always wanted to live.

Throughout the trip, Hillary had been a bit apprehensive about me constantly pointing a camera at her. After all, she’d spent most of her life avoiding looking at herself, so, I’m sure all this attention on how she looks now was nerve-racking, if not annoying. She’s confident, but still working on it.

I asked if I could set up some lights and take a portrait of her. She agreed, but first wanted to head to Bobbi Brown at the mall to get some makeup done. Which brought up something I’d never thought of before. How does one transitioning learn how to look like the person they want to be?

“For me, everything is really hard. I’m not good at that stuff, so yeah, figuring out how to get the look and the process between no make up and make up on perfectly, it’s hard to fill in the blanks.” She speaks about it light heartedly, rather than being embarrassed. These sorts of problems aren’t unique to transgendered people but are rather universal. “I mean, it can be frustrating for me, but even birth assigned females have trouble with makeup. It’s a learning process.”

Additionally, for Hillary or anyone who is transitioning, makeup is more than just personal fulfillment – It also can serve as protection. Because during the transition process, those who don’t blend well can often be at risk for violence or discrimination.

As it stands now, Hillary is well on her way towards a healthier and more accepting relationship with herself, her parents, and her friends — but where does she stand in the skateboard world?

For the most part, surprisingly well. “It’s hard to say. You’d have to ask them because like, for me, I thought everyone was just disgusted with me when they saw me so I would just skate by myself. But, I didn’t get a ton of flack from anyone.”

So is the skate world growing up?

That’s not to say there hadn’t been a few isolated incidents. She told me of a few ignorant things people have done, but instead of calling out certain people in this story, she asked to do the opposite. It’s not a story of the bad things that have happened, but of the good things that have and are yet to come.

She speaks about skateboarding with the excitement of someone who just discovered how awesome it is, again. “Well I like it more now than I ever have, because before there were always boundaries I wouldn’t cross because I was living in fear. There was the transitional period when I just skated by myself, which I didn’t like because for me skating is a really social thing. Skating alone is really depressing. Now I have friends to skate with and I’ve lost those barriers and boundaries. I can be myself.” She’s been skating almost everyday, going to school full time and working on developing relationships she’s neglected in the past. She seems, dare I say, happy. I think skateboarding is not only ready for Hillary, but it’s very excited for her.

Words & Photography: Sam Mcguire

Assaulted In Tahrir

Gang rapes happened under the regime of Hosni Mubarak, in some cases instigated by his secret police. But since the revolution to overthrow him, activists say the attacks against female protesters and journalists are becoming more frequent and more vicious. A record number of women were attacked at protests on the two-year anniversary of the revolution. Correspondent Bridgette Auger looks into why they keep happening.

via

♥Legalize it♥

To do:

1. Have some proud Oreos.

2. Mix some fancy drinks.

3. Hope that justice will be done.

⚓Hoist the sails⚓



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